The invention discloses a solar photovoltaic waste heat-joule heat gradient utilization seawater desalination system, and belongs to the field of renewable energy source utilization. The system mainlycomprises a high-transmittance glass cover plate, a solar photovoltaic cell, heat conduction silica gel, a heat conduction aluminum plate, a seawater flow channel, an electric heating layer, a hydrophobic film layer, a condensate flow channel, aheat preservation and insulation layer a seawater storage tank, a condensate collecting tank, a washing tank and an efficient fin radiator. The system iscomposed of multiple layers of seawater desalination devices. The desalination devicesare arranged in the heat preservation and insulation layer, the high-transmittance glass cover plate, the solar photovoltaic cell, the heat conduction silica gel, the heat conduction aluminum plate, the electric heating layer, the hydrophobic film layer, the seawater flow channel, the seawater storage tank and the condensed water collection tank are sequentially arranged in the heat preservation and insulation layer from top to bottom. Waste heat and electric energy generated by power generation of the solarphotovoltaic cell are utilized, energy is utilized in situ or in a gradient mode to participate in sea water desalination, solar energy is utilized to the maximum extent, and meanwhile the evaporationefficiency and the sea water desalination capacity of the system are greatly improved.