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3649 results about "Separation technology" patented technology

Equipment and method for extracting biologically active ingredients from subcritical fluid

The invention discloses equipment and a method for extracting biologically active ingredients from subcritical fluid, aims to solve the problems of low extraction efficiency and the like existing in the aspects of biologically active ingredient separation technology in the prior art and provides a set of subcritical equipment which comprises an extracting agent supply system, an entrainer supply system, an extraction system, a separation system, a solvent recycling system, a desolvation system, a heat supply system, a computer control system and the like, has high automatic control degree and is used for extracting the biologically active ingredients. Simultaneously, the invention also provides a new technological method for extracting the biologically active ingredients by adopting a subcritical extraction process. The method has the advantage of relatively low cost on the conventional extraction of an organic solvent, and the equipment has the characteristics of no solvent residue, no pollution, high bioactivity and the like in a product obtained by supercritical CO2 extraction technology and has the advantages of low investment on production equipment, high production efficiency within unit time, low energy consumption, flexible operation, high degree of automation and the like.
Owner:XINJIANG UNIVERSITY +1

Pre-selection method of low-ore grade magnetic iron ore

InactiveCN101502819ASolve the costSolve the problem of large tailingsSievingScreeningSeparation technologyMagnetite
The invention discloses a preselecting method of low-grade magnetic iron ore, comprising the steps of crushing the raw ore of the magnetic iron ore by coarse crushing, intermediate crushing and fine crushing operations, conveying to subject to ultra-fine crushing operation, and then crushing by a high-pressure roller mill, scattering the crushed product by a wet cylindrical sieve, conveying the ore on the cylindrical sieve to the vibrating sieve by a belt to perform wet gradation, conveying the ore on the vibrating sieve to a dry magnetic separator by the belt to discard the waste, returning the ore concentrate of the dry magnetic separator to the high-pressure roller mill to crush the ore concentrate again, perform magnetic separation and discarding tailings of the ore concentrate below the vibrating sieve and the ore concentrate below the cylindrical sieve in a wet coarse grain intermediate-field intensity magnetic separator, and selecting the coarse ore concentrate of the intermediate-field intensity magnetic separator by a grinding separation technology. The invention has the advantages that the invention selects quantities of qualified mine tailings by wet magnetic separation before grinding ore, reduces ore grinding work, reduces ore grinding energy consumption and has high system processing capacity; the invention can be widely used in magnetic ore dressing plant, and in particular suitable for treatment of preselecting low-grade magnetic iron ore with the iron grade lower than or equal to 22%.
Owner:SINOSTEEL MAANSHAN INST OF MINING RES +1

Cell sorter micro-fluidic chip based on immunomagnetic separation technology and application thereof in aspect of enrichment of rare cells

The invention discloses a cell sorter micro-fluidic chip based on the immunomagnetic separation technology and application thereof in the aspect of enrichment of rare cells, belonging to the technicalfield of micro-fluidic chips. The micro-fluidic chip, improved on the basis of the existing Y-type micro-fluidic chip, comprises a substrate and a cover-slip, wherein a Y-shaped micro-channel, a sample cell (1) and a buffer cell (2) respectively located at two end points of the upper part of the Y-shaped micro-channel, and an effluent cell (3) located at the end point of the lower part of the Y-shaped micro-channel are arranged on the substrate; and an antigen/antibody immunological reaction chamber (4) located on the micro-channel between the cross point (5) of the Y-shaped micro-channel andthe effluent cell (3) is further arranged on the substrate, wherein the width of the antigen/antibody immunological reaction chamber (4) is 2 to 5 times that of the micro-channel. The chip of the invention can effectively and rapidly fix the magnetic beads, increase the sample size of cells, improve the analysis flux, reduce the dead volume of sample introduction and reduce the retention and cross infection.
Owner:TSINGHUA UNIV

Straw component separation and straw component full utilization method

The invention discloses a straw component separation and straw component full utilization method, and relates to the technical field of straw comprehensive utilization. According to the method, straws are subjected to a steam explosion treatment, such that hemicellulose is first separated; and the rest of the material after hemicellulose extraction is subjected to steam explosion treatment again, such that the separation of cellulose and lignin is realized. The method has the advantages of simple process, environment-friendliness, low cost, and thorough separation of hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin. With the method provided by the invention, an environment-friendly separation technology of cellulose and lignin is realized for the first time internationally, and a basis is provided for full-element, high-added-value and comprehensive utilization of straws. On the basis, products with higher added values can be derived or generated. With the production process provided by the invention, all wastewater is treated and is completely recycled, and all waste residue is used for producing organic fertilizers, such that straws are thoroughly utilized, and straw component full utilization is realized. Also, zero emission and zero pollution are realized, such that the difficulty of straw comprehensive utilization is solved.
Owner:JINAN MIDUOTAN NEW ENERGY TECH

Conical core type supersonic condensing cyclone separator

The invention relates to a taper core type supersonic condensation cyclone separator, belonging to the technical field of expansion refrigeration and condensation separation of pressure gas. The taper core is inserted in a passage, and the diameter of the taper core is changed at different places, so as to form the passage with a gradually decreased section part, a constant throat part and a gradually increased section part; therefore, a constant diameter inner hole can be adopted to avoid gradually increased small taper pipe passage which is difficult to be machined, so that the spin strength is not weakened due to the diameter increase. The taper core type supersonic condensation cyclone separator enables low-temperature working condition by means of pressure expansion and cooling of the gas, and reinforces spin by means of diameter decrease to generate strong centrifugal force field. The pressure can be increased after separation. The taper core type supersonic condensation cyclone separator has the advantages of no moving pieces, no need of external drive, energy saving, compact size, low cost, stable and reliable operation, and applicability to condensation separation of mixed gas with high pressure and low flow rate and separation of heavy components of natural gas and petroleum gas, in particular to offshore platform and other occasions with limited space due to compact size.
Owner:DALIAN UNIV OF TECH

Method for separating rare earth ions by extraction of liquid-liquid-liquid three-phase system

InactiveCN102382982ASpeed ​​up clarification and phase separationReduce usageProcess efficiency improvementSeparation technologyIonic liquid
The invention relates to a method for separating rare earth ions by extraction of a liquid-liquid-liquid three-phase system, and belongs to the technical field of rare earth extraction and separation. The method comprises the following steps of: adding a chemical complexing agent into an aqueous solution containing the rare earth ions, regulating the acidity of the solution, adding a water-soluble high polymer and an inorganic electrolyte salt, oscillating and mixing at room temperature, and obtaining a liquid phase system of upper and lower layers; adding a hydrophobic ionic liquid, fully mixing the solution at room temperature, and obtaining an insoluble three-liquid phase coexistence system of upper, middle and lower layers; and respectively taking the upper, middle and lower phases ofthe three-liquid phase system, and reclaiming the rare earth ions by using an electro-deposition method. According to the method, a volatile organic solvent is not used, so that the phase forming behavior and the phase separation process of the three-phase system are easily artificially controlled; and light, medium and heavy rare earth ions are selectively enriched or grouped and separated in three different liquid phases respectively. Compared with conventional oil-water two-phase separation, the method has the advantages that: the process flow is greatly simplified, the method is quick in phase separation and avoids emulsifying, and the hydrophilic and hydrophobic properties of the ionic liquid three-phase system are easily controlled.
Owner:INST OF PROCESS ENG CHINESE ACAD OF SCI

A method for the treatment and reuse of ammonia-nitrogen-containing high-salt catalyst wastewater

The invention relates to a recycling method for treating ammonia nitrogen containing high-salt catalyst wastewater by adopting a membrane separation technology. The process flow of 'acid regulation, micro-filtration, membrane distillation, cooling and crystallization' is adopted in the method. By adopting the process flow, salts, ammonia nitrogen and metal ions in the wastewater can be effectively removed, and deep treatment and recycle of the ammonia nitrogen containing high-salt catalyst wastewater are realized. The process flow makes full use of the technical advantages of membrane distillation, solves the problem that the discharge of high salts, ammonia nitrogen and metal ions of the ammonia nitrogen containing high-salt catalyst wastewater does not reach the standards, and realizes recycle of the produced water. After the ammonia nitrogen containing high-salt catalyst wastewater is treated by the process flow, the reclamation rate of the wastewater is more than 90 percent, and high recycle of the ammonia nitrogen containing high-salt catalyst wastewater is realized; and the method accords with the development strategies of energy conservation and emission reduction, and has remarkable social benefit and economic benefit.
Owner:CHINA PETROLEUM & CHEM CORP +1

Organic wastewater treatment film reactor utilizing sunlight-assisted electro-catalysis

InactiveCN102603037AAccelerated adsorption/desorption rateThe actual user interface increasesWater/sewage treatment by irradiationEnergy based wastewater treatmentPhoto assistedPorous channel
The invention relates to an organic wastewater treatment film reactor utilizing solar energy photo-assisted electro-catalysis, which comprises a storage tank of water to be processed, a flow controllable constant flow pump, a photoelectric chemical reactor, a clear water storage tank and a solar battery component, wherein a photo anode and a cathode are correspondingly arranged in the reactor; the photo anode takes a porous metal membrane as a base body, and a TiO2 nano tube or a TiO2 mesoporous membrane is formed on the surface of a porous titanium membrane (net) by an electrochemical anisotropic etching technology; a porous channel film is used as the base body; a metal oxide coating electrode with high electrochemical catalytic activity and high electrical conductivity is prepared by a dipping film-forming method, simultaneously, by doping and modifying operations, the electrode material has photo catalytic activity and the reaction efficiency is improved. The reactor integrates electrochemistry, photocatalysis and film separation technologies; the three technologies are coupled to enhance a synergistic effect; the wastewater treatment efficiency can be improved; a solar component is adopted as a power supply; the clean solar energy is utilized to the maximal degree, and the organic wastewater treatment film reactor has social benefits of reducing environment load and economic benefits of reducing cost.
Owner:NANJING UNIV OF TECH

Carbon dioxide industrial-scale separation and purification system and method in mixture gas by hydrate method

The invention discloses a system and a method for industrially separating and purifying CO2 in mixed gas by a hydrate method. The system consists of a feed gas pretreatment system, a hydrate separation tower, a micro-bubble jet-loop reaction system, a column bottom hydrate decomposition system, a CO2 product collection system, a hydrate formation and decomposition heat comprehensive utilization system and a tail gas energy recovery system. The method integrates hydrate bubbling reaction technology, spraying reaction technology and micro-bubble jet reaction technology, adopts CO2 reflux displacement fractionation technology to improve the concentration of the CO2 in a hydrate phase, has simple separation technology and device and high separation rate and efficiency, comprehensively utilizes the formation heat and decomposition heat of the hydrate during refrigeration cycle, simultaneously recovers compression work of tail gas and cold energy for feed gas pretreatment, and has low energy consumption and cost during separation. The system and the method can be applied to industrial and continuous separation and purification of the CO2 in the mixed gas such as flue gas (CO2 / N2), IGCC synthetic gas (CO2 / H2), biomass synthetic gas (CO2 / H2), natural gas (CO2 / CH4), coalbed gas and the like.
Owner:GUANGZHOU INST OF ENERGY CONVERSION - CHINESE ACAD OF SCI

Slurry ¿Cbed reaction unit and method of use thereof

A slurry bed reaction equipment and method of using the same is provided, wherein the equipment comprises an ascending tube reactor 1 and a settling tube 4; the lower part of the ascending tube reactor 1 is a reacting region 14, while the upper part of the ascending tube reactor is a settling region 2 with tube diameter enlarged; the top of the settling region 2 is provided with an exhaust port 6; the bottom of the ascending tube is provided with a feed port 3 and a gas distributor 5; a pipeline 7 is used for connecting the settling region 2 with the settling tube 4, of which the opening position is arranged at the inside of the settling tube 4; the lower part of the settling tube 4 is a magnetic separation region 15, of which the lower end is communicated with the lower end of the ascending tube reactor 1 through a conical spout 10 and a reflux pipe 11; the upper part of the settling tube 4 is provided with a liquid discharging hole 13. The space utilization ratio of the reactor is improved by adopting the equipment and the separation method of the present invention; meanwhile, the separation technology combining settling, magnetic separation and filtering are adopted, making the separation part small in equipment volume, high in efficiency and space saving.
Owner:CHINA PETROLEUM & CHEM CORP +1

Electro-catalytic membrane reactor device

The invention describes an electro-catalytic membrane reactor device, which is characterized in that the device can couple the membrane separation technology and electro-catalysis technology for wastewater treatment, thereby solving the problem of membrane pollution and realizing self-cleaning function of the membrane. The reactor device comprises a feed liquid tank, an electro-catalytic composite membrane, an auxiliary electrode, a regulated power supply, a vacuum gauge, a peristaltic pump and the like; wherein, the electro-catalytic composite membrane is a novel membrane material prepared by taking a microporous carbon membrane as a matrix and a metal or metallic oxide as a catalytic coating layer; one end of the electro-catalytic membrane is closed and the other end thereof is connected with the peristaltic pump through a pipeline; the pump continuously supplies negative pressure so that the feed liquid permeates a separation membrane and seeps from outside to inside along the pipeline; meanwhile, the electro-catalytic composite membrane is taken as the anode and the auxiliary electrode is taken as the cathode; the electro-catalytic composite membrane and the auxiliary electrode are respectively connected with the regulated power supply by leads to form an electrolysis device. By applying voltage to the composite membrane in the process of membrane separation, the organic pollutants deposited on and adhered to the surface and holes of the membrane are electrolytically oxidized to realize antipollution of the membrane. The reactor device has the advantages of simple device, convenient operation, high efficiency, small energy consumption and the like, and can be widely used for treatment and reuse of such industrial wastewater as oily wastewater, dye wastewater, papermaking wastewater and the like.
Owner:大连华鑫源科技发展有限公司
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