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Graphene/metal oxide composite cathode material for lithium ion battery and preparation

The invention belongs to the fields of material synthesis and energy technology, and especially relates to a graphene / metal oxide composite cathode material for lithium ion batteries and a preparation method thereof. Grapheme is dispersed into various metal oxide precursor salt solutions; a graphene / metal oxide compound is obtained directly by a hydrothermal method, or an graphene / metal oxide compound is obtained by a liquid in-situ polymerization method or a coprecipitation process; and the graphene / metal oxide compound is obtained by heat treatment or hydrothermal treatment. In the invention, the novel three-dimensional composite cathode material of graphene-coated metal oxide or graphene-anchored metal oxide is prepared by carrying metal oxide particles with graphene as a carrier. The obtained composite material can be used as a lithium ion battery cathode, which has a high specific capacity, excellent cycle stability and rate capability, and is expected to be used as a lithium ion battery cathode material with a high energy density and a high power density.
Owner:INST OF METAL RESEARCH - CHINESE ACAD OF SCI

Photocatalysis oxidation treated high concentration organic trade waste

The invention relates to a modified loading nano composite photocatalyst which takes titanium dioxide as main part and adopts new reaction technique to degraded the organic industrial wastewater in a water processing system (see attached drawing 1 in Instruction). The main point on preparing the catalyst lies in that titanium dioxide active compounds loaded on different carriers are employed to prepare a loading photocatalyst with grain diameter of 5-40nm; meanwhile, different elements are mixed into the loading photocatalyst to reduce the composition between photoproduciton electron and cavity, which enables the catalyst to move the light absorbing wavelength thereof towards the visible regions, thus effectively improving the degradation rate of organic pollutants as a new environmental-friendly catalyst. As to the new technique of processing the organic industrial wastewater, the invention overcomes the defects that the present photocatalysts are only used for degrading the organic industrial wastewater with low concentration. The catalyst being irradiated respectively or simultaneously under sunbeam and ultraviolet light can decrease COD values of high-concentration organic industrial wastewater from 10000-40000mg / L to less than 100mg / L in short time, thus meeting the national emission standard.
Owner:BEIJING UNIV OF CHEM TECH

Process for producing composite material of Ti3SiC2 modified C/SiC

The invention discloses a method for preparing Ti3SiC2 modified C / SiC composite material, comprising the following steps: firstly, carrying out ultrasonic cleaning and drying on the pre-prepared body to be modified; compounding the size with distilled water, cellulose sodium carboxy methyl and TiC powder; then carrying out vacuum infiltration combined with pressure infiltration on the pre-prepared body and refrigeration and drying in vacuum; coating industrial silicon powder on the surface of the pre-prepared body; calcining the pre-prepared body in a vacuum furnace to lead the silicon to fuse to penetrate into the pre-prepared body; and cooling the pre-prepared body gradually to room temperature after full reaction in the vacuum furnace. As SI method is adopted to lead C / C or C / SiC composite material to be firstly internally filled with TiC granules, then MI method is adopted to penetrate silicon fusant, and TiC reacts with Si to generate Ti3SiC2 and SiC, the content of residue Si in the composite material is reduced, and the Ti3SiC2 phase in-situ generated in the C / SiC composite material causes the use temperature of the modified C / SiC composite material to rise from 1420 DEG C in the prior art to 1500-2300 DEG C and the fracture toughness property to rise from 8MPa.m in the prior art to 9-16 MPa.m.
Owner:NORTHWESTERN POLYTECHNICAL UNIV

Lithium ion battery anode material manganese lithium phosphate and preparation method thereof

The invention discloses a manganese/lithium phosphate of lithium iron battery positive pole material and a production method thereof, the technical issue to be solved is to improve electrochemical performances of the positive pole material. The material of the invention includes substrates of manganese/lithium phosphate which are covered by a carbon material covering layer, the lithium covering the manganese/lithium phosphate behind the carbon material covering layer is spherical and has microscopic characteristics of being near spherical, rhombic, tapered, tabular, layered or/and block-shaped as well as of having 0.5-30 mum long and short axles. The production method comprises the following steps of: production of nanometer particles, liquid phase mixed reaction, production of precursor, sintering treatment, covering organic substances. Compared with the prior art, the invention improves the electron conductivity of the manganese/lithium phosphate by covering with carbon liquid phase, the carbon sufficiently covers active materials to efficiently prevent particle aggregation, the invention has the characteristics of about 4V of discharge voltage, high discharge and charge capacitance, excellent circulation stability, high safety, simple process, low cost and little influence on the environment.
Owner:SHENZHEN CITY BATTERY NANOMETER TECH

Composite hydrogel for adsorption of heavy metal ions and preparation method thereof

The invention discloses composite hydrogel for adsorption of metal ions and a preparation method thereof. The hydrogel comprises, by weight, 5-95 parts of polyvinyl alcohol, 5-95 parts of chitosan, 0.1-20 parts of modified graphene oxide and 2-6 parts of sodium alginate, the weight ratio between the polyvinyl alcohol and the chitosan is (5: 95)-(95: 5), modified graphite oxide includes modified graphene oxide modified by dopamine and / or modified graphene oxide modified by ferroferric oxide, all components are uniformly mixed in a certain sequence, and the composite hydrogel is obtained under special conditions. The composite hydrogel for adsorption of the heavy metal ions and the preparation method thereof have the advantages that high speed, high efficiency, high adsorption capacity and high selectivity are achieved, the adsorption effect on the heavy metal ions is remarkable, meanwhile, the preparation process is simple, and the operability is high.
Owner:JIANGNAN UNIV

Graphene/carbon black thermoplastic resin master batch with high dispersibility and preparation method thereof

The invention discloses a graphene/carbon black thermoplastic resin master batch with high dispersibility and a preparation method thereof. The graphene/carbon black compound in the master batch is formed in an electrostatic self-assembly manner, and comprises 10-50% of graphene, 5-20% of carbon black, 0.5-10% of surfactant, 10-65% of carrier resin and 2-10% of assistant. The preparation method comprises the following steps: (1) compounding and dispersing graphene by adopting the surfactant to control the positive electricity of the graphene surface; (2) forming a stable graphene/carbon black compound from the modified graphene and carbon black with positive electricity through electrostatic incorporation in a self-assembly manner; (3) preparing the graphene/carbon black thermoplastic resin master batch with high dispersibility by matching with a solution blended process, a melt-blending method and an in-situ polymerization method; (4) adding the assistant to extrude and pelletize, so as to prepare the graphene/carbon black/thermoplastic resin master batch particles after processing the master batch. By adopting the obtained master batch, the problems of difficult charging of graphene powder, uneven dispersion, dust pollution, unstable product performance and the like are solved.
Owner:XIAMEN KNANO GRAPHENE TECH CORP

Graphene-based nano iron oxide composite material and preparation method thereof

The invention discloses a graphene-based nano iron oxide composite material and a preparation method thereof. By the method, iron oxide nano granules with uniform diameter and controllable shape and components can be loaded on graphene. The method comprises the following steps of: uniformly dispersing graphite oxide into deionized water by adopting an ultrasonic method to obtain graphene oxide solution; adding an iron salt precursor into the obtained solution and mixing the precursor and the solution uniformly, adjusting the pH of the solution, and hydrolyzing the iron salt; putting the mixed solution into a reaction kettle and performing hydrothermal reaction; and finally, cleaning and freeze-drying the obtained product to obtain the graphene-based nano iron oxide composite material. The raw materials are common and easily obtained, the cost is low, and the preparation process is simple, safe and environmentally-friendly; the prepared graphene-based nano iron oxide composite material has good structural stability and monodispersity; when the composite material is used as a lithium iron battery electrode material, the charge/discharge capacity can reach over 1,000mAh/g; and the composite material has good multiplying power performance and cycle life.
Owner:CHINA UNIV OF MINING & TECH

Nano porous corrosion-resistant heat-insulated coating material taking thixotropic colloid as template agent and preparation method for corrosion-resistant heat-insulated coating material

The invention relates to an aqueous nano porous corrosion-resistant heat-insulated coating material and a preparation method for the corrosion-resistant heat-insulated coating material and particularly relates to an aqueous corrosion-resistant heat-insulated coating material, which has a nano porous structure, prepared through forming an aqueous-phase uniform three-dimensional-network nano porous structure by taking thixotropic colloid as a template agent and adding a film forming agent, a reinforcing powder material, a functional powder material and admixtures. The preparation method for the corrosion-resistant heat-insulated coating material, disclosed by the invention, is simple and easy in operation and low in production cost, is environment-friendly and safe and is beneficial to mass production. The nano porous corrosion-resistant heat-insulated coating material disclosed by the invention has excellent heat insulating and corrosion resisting properties and can be applied to the heat insulating and corrosion resisting of equipment such as high-temperature furnace hearths, pipelines and valves in the fields of aerospace and military industries, metallurgical forging, petroleum refining, electric power and the like, so that the safety of use and the level of energy saving and consumption lowering are improved.
Owner:浙江圣润纳米科技有限公司

Preparation method of single-crystal-morphology lithium ion battery ternary positive material

ActiveCN104979546AGood dispersionOvercoming the problem of easy reunificationCell electrodesLithium electrodeOxide
The invention discloses a preparation method of a single-crystal-morphology lithium ion battery ternary positive material. The method comprises the following steps: (1) preparing an inflorescence-shaped ternary positive material precursor particles by clustering lamellar primary particles in a coprecipitation method, wherein the D50 of the precursor particles is 2-5micron, the BET is more than 100m<2> / g, and the valences of nickel, cobalt and manganese are +2; (2) mixing a precursor obtained by adopting the coprecipitation method with auxiliaries to obtain a mixture 1, and performing high-temperature sintering on the mixture 1 at the temperature between 600-950 DEG C so as to obtain a round-likely roundness type oxide; (3) mixing the round-likely roundness type oxide precursor obtained by the high-temperature sintering with a lithium salt so as to obtain a mixture 2, and performing sintering on the mixture 2 at the temperature between 700-1000 DEG C so as to obtain a product; and (4) dispersing the product obtained by sintering in the step (3), and performing heating treatment on the dispersed product at the temperature between 780-1000 DEG C so as to obtain the single-crystal-morphology lithium ion battery ternary positive material. The prepared positive material is made from the uniform single-crystal primary particles with good dispersibility, and the problem that the primary particles are easy to cluster in the high-temperature sintering process in a conventional method can be effectively overcome.
Owner:CONTEMPORARY AMPEREX TECH CO

Graphene/mesoporous titanium dioxide visible light catalyst and preparation method

The invention relates to a graphene / mesoporous titanium dioxide visible light catalyst and a preparation method, and belongs to the technical fields of nanometer composite materials and photocatalysis. The method comprises the following steps of: adding a graphene oxide into glacial acetic acid, and performing ultrasonic dispersion to obtain dispersion liquid of the graphene oxide; and adding a titanium source into the dispersion liquid of the graphene oxide, and preparing the graphene / mesoporous titanium dioxide nanometer composite visible light catalyst in a one-step in-situ form by a hydrothermal method. The graphene / mesoporous titanium dioxide visible light catalyst has the advantages of readily available raw materials and low cost, the preparation process is simple and convenient, and titanium dioxide in the obtained nanometer composite material has a nanometer poroid structure, a regular size and a special appearance; and titanium dioxide nanometer granules can be distributed onthe surface of graphene and are high in dispersity. Photocatalytic degradation experiments indicate that the graphene / mesoporous titanium dioxide nanometer composite light catalyst has a good photocatalytic degradation effect on rhodamine B under the irradiation of visible light, and is an ideal nanometer composite visible light catalyst.
Owner:JIANGSU UNIV

High salinity wastewater treatment corrosion-resistant anti-fouling membrane as well as preparation method and application thereof

The invention relates to a method of the technical field of environment protection and in particular to a high salinity wastewater treatment corrosion-resistant anti-fouling membrane as well as a preparation method and application thereof. The preparation method comprises the following steps: by taking a mixture of clay minerals and oceanic nodule minerals as inorganic nano particles, modifying the inorganic nano particles with dopamine, and combining a PVDF (Polyvinylidene Fluoride) polymer with the nano particles, thereby obtaining the high salinity wastewater treatment corrosion-resistant anti-fouling membrane. The invention aims to improve the water flux, the corrosion resistance and the pollution resistance of the membrane, the mixture of the clay minerals and the oceanic nodule minerals is adopted as the inorganic nano particles, the inorganic nano particles are subjected to surface modification with dopamine, combination of the nano particles and the PVDF is promoted, the obtained membrane is capable of efficiently treating high salinity wastewater and meanwhile has properties of corrosion and fouling resistance; in addition, the dopamine has a great amount of hydrophilic groups of amino, particle aggregation is prevented, the hydrophilcity of the membrane is improved, and the difficulties that materials are not uniformly dispersed and are easily dropped off in the use process are solved.
Owner:YANTAI INST OF COASTAL ZONE RES CHINESE ACAD OF SCI

Lithium ion battery phosphatic composite cathode material and preparation method thereof

The invention discloses a lithium ion battery phosphatic composite cathode material and a preparation method thereof. The composite material is a multinuclear core shell structure composed of a plurality of cores and a housing layer, the cores are lithium iron phosphate particles wrapped by lithium vanadium phosphate and the housing layer is amorphous carbon. Preparation of the lithium iron phosphate particles wrapped by lithium vanadium phosphate comprises the following steps: preparing precursor sol with a sol gel method, adding lithium iron phosphate powder to disperse uniformly, carrying out spray drying on the above mixture, calcining the above resultant in inert gas, and followed by cooling and grinding to obtain the lithium iron phosphate particles wrapped by lithium vanadium phosphate. Preparation of the composite cathode material comprises the following steps: dissolving a carbon source compound into deionized water, adding core materials, dispersing the above resultant uniformly, carrying out second spray drying, calcining the above resultant in inert gas, and followed by cooling to obtain the composite cathode material. The composite material prepared in the invention has good electronic conduction performance, good ionic conduction performance and excellent electrochemistry performance. Because of existence of lithium vanadium phosphate, energetic density of a material is raised. Because of the multinuclear core shell structure like nano/micro structures, the composite material has good processing performance, and tap density of the material is greatly raised.
Owner:CENT SOUTH UNIV
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