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1479results about How to "Easy to industrialize" patented technology

A kind of preparation method of graphene material

The invention discloses a preparation method of a graphene material. The preparation method comprises the following steps of: with graphite carbon as a raw material, adding potassium hypermanganate and concentrated sulfuric acid in batches in different stages to control an oxidation process of graphite; adjusting the pH value of the oxidized solution to obtain graphene oxide colloidal dispersing solutions (GOS) with different concentrations; dropwise adding the GOS on the surface of a carrier or spreading out the GOS on a non-intersolubility liquid/liquid interface and drawing into a grapheneoxide thin-film (GOF); carrying out high-speed centrifugation and drying treatment on the GOS to obtain graphene oxide solid powder (GOP); reducing the GOS by selecting an appropriate reducing agent,and centrifugally drying to obtain reduced graphene solid powder (GRP); dispersing a proper amount of GRP in an organic solvent to prepare a reduced graphene oxide colloidal dispersing solution (GRS); and dropwise adding the GRS on the surface of the carrier or spreading out on the non-intersolubility liquid/liquid interface and drawing into the reduced graphene thin-film (GRF). Various graphene materials prepared by the invention are easy to mutually transform; and the concentration of the colloidal solution and the thickness of the thin-film can be controlled in a certain range.

Preparation method of carbon coated vanadium sodium phosphate positive electrode material

A preparation method of a carbon coated vanadium sodium phosphate positive electrode material comprises the steps: with glucose as a reducing agent and a carbon source and water as a dispersant, carrying out ball milling of NH4VO3, NaH2PO4.2H2O and glucose in water, carrying out spray drying, calcining, and thus obtaining the carbon coated vanadium sodium phosphate positive electrode material. The method has the advantages of low synthesis temperature, simple steps, easily obtained raw materials, and advantageous industrialization; the obtained carbon coated vanadium sodium phosphate positive electrode material has a structure with uniform primary particles, has the particle size of 100-200 nm, and has the characteristics of short sodium ion diffusion distance, fast transmission speed, high specific surface area, high electrical conductivity and fast ion transmission and the like. The obtained carbon coated vanadium sodium phosphate positive electrode material is assembled into a battery; in a voltage scope of 2.0-3.75 V and under 1 C multiplying power, the highest first charge and discharge capacity per gram can reach 93.5 mAh*g<-1>, the capacity retention rate can be up to 97.7% after cycling for 50 circles with the 1C multiplying power, and excellent electrochemical performance is showed.

Method for preparing high-purity vanadium from heteropolyacid impurity in amine extraction mode

The invention relates to a method for preparing high-purity vanadium from heteropolyacid impurities in an amine extraction mode. Generally an ordinary vanadium solution is doped with impurities such as chromium, silicon, phosphorus, tungsten, molybdenum and arsenic, if acid is added into the solution, heteropolyacids such as phosphorus tungsten, phosphorus vanadium tungsten, silicon tungsten, phosphorus molybdenum tungsten, silicon molybdenum tungsten, molybdenum vanadium arsenic and tungsten arsenic can be formed, the impurities in the solution are removed by carrying out compounding synergic extraction on the heteropolyacids in the ordinary vanadium solution by using amines and a synergist so as to obtain a purified vanadium-containing raffinate, subsequently the vanadium-containing raffinate is evaporated and concentrated to be the concentration that each liter of the solution contains 40g vanadium, ammonium salt is further added into the concentrated liquid to obtain ammonium metavanadate solid, vanadium pentoxide with the purity greater than 99.9% is obtained through washing in pure water, drying and calcining in an oxygen atmosphere, the organic phase after the heteropolyacid is extracted is subjected to reverse extraction by using an alkali solution so as to form a heteropolyacid water phase, and the organic phase is recycled and circulated. The method has low requirement on equipment, and is simple to operate, key extraction agents are good in thermal stability and not sensitive in acid and alkali, and a recycling and circulating method is simple and easy to be industrialized.

Composite reagent for treating recycled water of printing and dyeing wastewater and application method of composite reagent

The invention discloses a composite reagent for treating recycled water of printing and dyeing wastewater and an application method of the composite reagent. The composite reagent comprises the following components by weight percent: 20% to 70% of aluminum salt coagulant, 5% to 30% of iron salt coagulant, 5% to 40% of mineral material and 5% to 45% of activated carbon. The method comprises the following steps: preparing the composite reagent for treating the recycled water of the printing and dyeing wastewater into powder or an aqueous liquid in which the content of effective components accounts for 5% to 30%; regulating a pH value of effluent in a printing and dyeing wastewater biochemical system to be within 3 to 9; adding the powder or the aqueous liquid of the composite reagent into the effluent in the printing and dyeing wastewater biochemical system under the condition that the adding quantity of the effective components is between 20mg/L and 1000mg/L after the pH value of the effluent is regulated; and stirring for 0.2 to 2 hours and then standing so as to obtain the recycled water conforming to the water quality standard in textile industry. According to the method, macromolecular colloidal pollutants in the biochemical effluent of the printing and dyeing wastewater, which are difficult to degrade, can be removed by utilizing the coagulation/flocculation performance of aluminum salts and iron salts in the composite reagent; and meanwhile, soluble inert pollutants in the wastewater are removed by utilizing the adsorbability of the activated carbon and the mineral material in the composite reagent.

Method for collecting nickel and cobalt from laterite-nickel ore lixivium

The invention discloses a method for separating enriched nickel and cobalt from a laterite nickel ore lixivium, which comprises the following steps: after solid and liquid separation between the laterite nickel ore lixivium and ore slag is implemented, a vulcanizing agent is added into the lixivium, the solid and the liquid are separated after reaction precipitation, and precipitated solid is washed by a new lixivium, thus obtaining sulfide precipitate; after the sulfide precipitate is pulpified, sulphuric acid and solution of nitric acid and mixed acid are added so as to implement oxidizing leaching; the goethite method is adopted for removing iron from a superior pickle liquor; a sodium thiosulfate solution is added so as to implement copper removing; a filtering liquor that is the enriched nickel and cobalt solution is obtained. Compared with the prior art, the method for separating enriched nickel and cobalt from the laterite nickel ore lixivium is implemented at normal temperature and normal pressure, does not need a high-pressure caldron, has less device investment, low running cost, simple technical path, short process and controllable production scale; the vulcanizing agent and acids that are used in the technique can be recycled to the utmost extent and do not have emissions and environment pollution; the extraction yield of nickel and cobalt can achieve over 95 percent, and the method for separating enriched nickel and cobalt from the laterite nickel ore lixivium has low production cost and easy industrialization.

Self-cleaning super-hydrophilic thin film and preparation method thereof

InactiveCN101602933AOvercoming easy reunionOvercoming the weakness of not being easy to recycleOther chemical processesMetal/metal-oxides/metal-hydroxide catalystsRare earthSolvent
The invention provides a self-cleaning super-hydrophilic thin film and a preparation method thereof. The preparation method comprises the steps of using tetra-n-butyl titanate as a precursor of TiO2, using anhydrous ethyl alcohol as solvent, adding glacial acetic acid, and magnetically agitating at room temperature to obtain solution A; synchronously, taking distilled water and anhydrous ethyl alcohol, adding doping salts, and magnetically agitating the mixture to obtain solution B; slowly adding the solution B to the solution A, adding hydrochloric acid to adjust pH value to 3-5, agitating to obtain TiO2 sol, and preparing a rare-earth-doped nanometer-sized TiO2 thin film by using a film drawing machine; immersing a substrate into the sol, drawing and plating a film after glass sheet and liquid surface are stable; drying after plating a layer of film and cooling at room temperature; repeating the steps to prepare the rare earth-doped nanometer-sized TiO2 thin film with different layers; thermally treating the base plated with the TiO2 thin film, and directly using the film-plated base. The thin film of the invention overcomes the weak points that nanometer-sized powder easily aggregates and is not easily recovered, the obtained crystal form is table, and the thin film has excellent self-cleaning and hydrophilic capacities.

Heat treatment technology for markedly raising comprehensive performance of aluminium alloy

InactiveCN102242325AMeet the requirements of large structural partsPractical application value of large industry5005 aluminium alloySolid solution
A heat treatment technology for markedly raising comprehensive performance of aluminium alloy is accomplished by the adoption of the following scheme: carrying out a solid solution treatment on the aluminium alloy, taking the aluminium alloy out of a furnace and carrying out water quenching, and carrying out a pre-aging treatment, cold deformation and a secondary aging treatment. Nanometer-level aging precipitation strengthening phase is formed by the pre-aging treatment, and dislocation configuration generated from the subsequent cold deformation can be changed, so as to improve the strength, ductility and toughness of the alloy; during the cold deformation, nanometer-level atomic clusters will precipitate out from solute atoms precipitated during the pre-aging treatment, or ''pinning'' air mass is formed around the dislocation structure, thus further raising the strength of the alloy. The precipitated precipitation strengthening phase is nanometer level, thus raising the ductility and toughness of the alloy and markedly enhancing the strength of the alloy on the basis of guaranteeing good plasticity. The technological process provided by the invention is simple, is convenient to operate, can be adopted to markedly raise comprehensive performance such as the strength and plasticity of the aluminium alloy and improve the corrosion resistant performance and fatigue resistant performance of the aluminium alloy, and is suitable for industrial application.

Compensation method and compensation system for AMOLED pixel luminance

The invention provides a compensation method and a compensation system for AMOLED pixel luminance. The compensation method comprises the following steps that 1) a pixel is closed, the light intensity of ambient light is detected, and the first light intensity value L1 is obtained; 2) a luminance signal of the pixel is set to be a reference signal Dref, the pixel emits light under the reference signal Dref, the second light intensity value L2 is detected and obtained, and the actual light intensity value L3 of the pixel satisfies the equation that L3=L2-L1; 3) the actual light intensity value L3 is compared with the reference signal Dref, a corresponding compensation signal Dcom is generated, and compensation is carried out on the luminance signal of the pixel. The compensation system comprises a detection module, a comparing module and a compensation module. According to the compensation method and the compensation system for the AMOLED pixel luminance, the method of optical feedback and signal compensation is adopted for improving uniformity of the AMOLED displaying luminance, and therefore quality of image display is improved. The compensation method and the compensation system for the AMOLED pixel luminance are simple, and industrialization is easily achieved.

Online monitoring method and online monitoring device of high voltage vacuum circuit breaker

Aiming at the condition that primary line current and voltage are not easily monitored by a sensor due to high voltage and large current when a high voltage circuit breaker works online, the invention provides an online monitoring method and an online monitoring device of a high voltage vacuum circuit breaker. The method comprises the steps of: using a displacement sensor directly connected with a moving contact of the high voltage circuit breaker to collect a stroke signal of the moving contact; calculating characteristic points on a stroke curve through a series of filtering and correction; and analyzing the characteristic points to calculate relevant parameters so as to judge the work condition of the circuit breaker online. The online monitoring method and device provided by the invention effectively monitor the high voltage circuit breaker online and can resist the monitoring environment of high voltage and large current. As the displacement sensor directly connected with the moving contact of the circuit breaker is just used as a unique signal collecting device in the invention, the problem of difficulty in implementation and high cost caused by the fact that high voltage resisting voltage or current sensors are needed to be used on a primary side line is solved.

Method for comprehensively recovering tungsten and fluorine from minerals

The invention provides a method for comprehensively recovering tungsten and fluorine from minerals, namely a mixed acid of phosphoric acid and sulfuric acid is adopted for decomposing complex calcium-containing minerals containing fluorite, scheelite, apatite, and calcite, wherein the fluorite is decomposed to fluorine hydride or silicon tetrafluoride to escape, and absorption treatment is performed for preparing hydrofluoric acid or a fluoride salt; and the scheelite is transformed to phosphotungstic acid to enter into a solution, and filtrate after filtration is supplemented into the consumed sulfuric acid and the phosphoric acid after extraction of the tungsten and returned to the new-round mineral leaching. The method disclosed by the invention has the advantages of comprehensively recovering the fluorine and the tungsten from the minerals, reducing the requirements on the fluorite or the tungsten ore raw material, reducing the pressure on a mineral dressing link, improving the comprehensive recovery rate and simultaneously ensuring the decomposition rate of the fluorite and the scheelite, wherein the decomposition rate of the fluorite is above 98%, and WO3 contained in decomposition slag is reduced to below 0.5%; furthermore, a leaching agent can be recycled, so that leaching cost and wastewater emission are greatly reduced; and the method also has the advantages of simple leaching equipment, convenience in operation and easiness in realization of industrialization.
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