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26317results about How to "Raw materials are easy to get" patented technology

Super-hydrophobic polyurethane/ oxide nano particle hybrid coating material and preparation method thereof

ActiveCN101838496ALow costSimple equipment and preparation processPolyurea/polyurethane coatingsSurface energySelf-assembly
The invention relates to a super-hydrophobic polyurethane / oxide nano particle hybrid coating and a preparation method thereof. The super-hydrophobic coating is prepared by oxide nano particles, silane coupling agent and polyurethane which have wide material source and are easily obtained through a self-assembly method, and has the contact angle of 140-168 degrees and the rolling angle of 1-20 degrees as well as good visible light permeability. The invention solves the problems that the currently prepared transparent super-hydrophobic coating needs extremely low surface energy perfluorinated silane modification, has high production cost and complicated technique, and can not realize large-scale production. The method has simple technique, easily obtained raw material and low cost; and theprepared super-hydrophobic coating can be taken as a dustproof and antifogging protective coating of the surface of solids such as glass and the like, and a waterproof insulating layer used in a micro-electronic device, a sensor and the like.

Chemical/ionic/physical compounding cross linking hydrogel and preparation method thereof

The invention relates to chemical/ionic/physical compounding cross linking hydrogel and a preparation method thereof. The hydrogel is polymerized in a way that olefin monomer M1, a chemical cross-linking agent M2, multivalent ion biomacromolecule M3, an ionic cross-linking agent M4 and a physical cross-linking agent M5 are dissolved in water. The method comprises the following steps: preparing chemical/physical cross linked gel prepolymerization liquid, preparing chemical/ionic/physical cross linked gel prepolymerization liquid and preparing and purifying chemical/ionic/physical compounding cross linked gel. According to the invention, the characteristics and properties of the chemical cross-linking agent, the physical cross-linking agent and the ionic cross-linking agents are taken into consideration comprehensively, the compounding cross linking of molecular chains is realized; the prepared hydrogel is optically transparent and has higher mechanical ductility and rebound elasticity; the mechanic, optical and thermal performances and other performances can be regulated conveniently by controlling technology parameters and conditions; and the prepared hydrogel can be used in the fields such as tissue engineering, food industry, agricultural irrigation, daily chemical engineering, oil production, dye adsorption and biological medicine.

Self-healing polyurethane resin containing disulfide bond and preparation method thereof

InactiveCN105482065ARepair damageStrong performance controllabilitySelf-healingPolyester
The invention relates to self-healing polyurethane resin containing disulfide bond and a preparation method thereof. The polyurethane resin comprises, by weight parts, 10-30 parts of polyether or polyester polyol, 3-20 parts of polyisocyanates, 1-10 parts of chain extender containing the disulfide bond, 0.001-1 part of organic tin or tertiary amine catalyst and 50-80 parts of organic solvent. The method for preparing the self-healing polyurethane resin containing the disulfide bond comprises the steps of weighing raw materials, stirring, heating and performing dehydration for the polyether or polyester polyol under vacuum conditions, lowering the temperature to 85 DEG C or below, adding the polyisocyanates and the organic tin or tertiary amine catalyst, reacting, lowering the temperature to 50 DEG C or below, adding the organic solvent and the chain extender containing the disulfide bond, reacting and performing vacuum defoamation to obtain the self-healing polyurethane resin. The self-healing polyurethane resin heals by itself under the heating or ultraviolet (UV) light conditions, the required conditions are mild, the healing speed is high, the effect is good, the preparation method is simple and easy to control, and raw materials are goods of commercialized production and are cheap and easy to obtain.

Preparation method of carbon quantum dots with adjustable fluorescence colors

The present invention relates to a preparation method of carbon quantum dots with adjustable fluorescence colors, and belongs to the technical field of nanometer materials. According to method, citric acid or a citrate is adopted as a carbon source, a nitrogen-containing compound is adopted as a nitridation agent, hydrogen peroxide is adopted as an oxidant, a hydrothermal synthesis method is adopted to obtain an aqueous solution of carbon quantum dots emitting blue or green fluorescence under ultraviolet light excitation, reaction conditions are easily controlled, and the method is suitable for scale production. The prepared carbon quantum dots have advantages of adjustable fluorescence color, high yield, high quantum efficiency, good result reproducibility and the like, wherein the product can be directly used for tumor cell labeling and live cell imaging labeling. According to the present invention, only the one reactant is required, the raw materials are easily-available and non-toxic, the production process does not require special protection, the reaction condition is easily controlled, and the obtained carbon quantum dots have advantages of high yield, high quantum efficiency, good result reproducibility and the like; and the method has characteristics of high yield, simple preparation process, low cost, easy scale production and the like.

Method for preparing environmentally-friendly adhesive for lignin-based timber

The invention discloses a method for preparing an environmentally-friendly adhesive for a lignin-based timber. The method comprises the following steps of: 1) adding phenol, formaldehyde solution, lignin, first alkali liquor and diluting water into a reactor, heating to the temperature of between 75 and 85 DEG C and reacting for 2.5 to 3.5 hours, wherein the molar ratio of formaldehyde to the phenol is 2.20:1-2.40:1; the formaldehyde solution is added for three times in a mass ratio of 1.5 to 1.0 to 1.0; and the reaction time ratio of the added formaldehyde solution is 1.2 to 1.0 to 1.0; 2) cooling to 70 DEG C, adding a formaldehyde collector and second alkali liquor, and reacting at the temperature of between 65 and 70 DEG C for 20 to 50 minutes; and 3) cooling to the temperature of between 30 and 40 DEG C, adding an intensifier, stirring for 10 to 30 minutes, cooling and discharging. In the method, a 50 to 60 percent petroleum-based phenol raw material can be substituted; the methodis stable in reaction, easy to control and easy for industrial production; formaldehyde emission of a plywood reaches E0 level; adhesive strength meets the requirements of national class I plates; and a new approach is provided for the development of an environmentally-friendly biomass-based timber adhesive and recycling of wastes.

Magnetic fluorescent double functional microballoon with core-shell structure and preparation method thereof

The present invention relates to a magnetic fluorescent double-functional microsphere with core-shell structure and its preparation method. Firstly, said invention uses strong acid and sodium citrate to modify surface of inorganic magnetic nano granules, then uses alkyl orthosilicate as precursor body, and adopts gel-sol process to prepare silicon dioxide magnetic microsphere with core-shell structure, finally utilizes the copolycondensation method of alkyl orthosilicate and silane coupling agent of bonded fluorescein to prepare silicon dixide fluorescent microsphere with magnetism. Said microsphere has magnetic response characteristic, and can send out fluorescence under the excitation of UV-light and visible light.

Method for preparing biomass carbon by utilizing agricultural and forestry waste

The invention relates to a method for preparing biomass carbon by utilizing agricultural and forestry waste, belonging to the technical fields of preparation of carbon materials and utilization of biomass resources. The method comprises the following steps of: adopting agricultural and forestry waste as raw materials; under the condition of subcritical water, fully mixing dried biomass materials and deionized water according to the proportion of 1:(10-30); under the protection of inert atmosphere, carbonizing for 2-6 hours at the temperature of 220-250 DEG C; and then carrying out vacuum filtration and hot-water cleaning, and drying to obtain the biomass carbon. The biomass carbon prepared by the invention is coaly carbon material with an aromatic-ring structure, is high in carbon content and calorific value and large in specific surface area, and can be used as a soil conditioner or an absorbent. The method has the advantages that the materials are low in cost and easy to obtain, the process is simple, the operation is convenient, the manufacturing cost is low, the industrial promotion is convenient, and the application range and the application value of biomass resources are further expanded in the aspect of carbon materials.

Method for preparing formaldehyde room temperature oxidation catalyst

The invention relates to a method for preparing formaldehyde room temperature oxidation catalyst. The method comprises the following steps: making porous inorganic oxide as a carrier; making sodium borohydride as reducing agent; making soluble hydroxide as additive; and drying the carrier including noble metal processed by carrier impregnation noble metal precursor-room temperature reduction-deposition so as to prepare catalyst. According to the invention, sodium borohydride reducing agent is added for one time at the room temperature, thus, the aperture of generated noble metal nano particle is smaller than that of particle prepared in a high-temperature burning / hydrogen reducing method; crystal particle is within 0.1-5nm; and dispersibility is good; the loading quantity of the noble metal is within 0.05-10wt%, preferably within 0.5-2%; corresponding aperture is within 0.5-3nm; prepared loading-type noble metal catalyst has very high oxidative activity to formaldehyde in air on a room temperature condition without illumination or heat; activity is not changed basically in repeated using procedures; and the method disclosed by the invention is characterized by simple compound line, easily-acquired raw material and is suitable for industrial production.

Continuous casting slab high-temperature oxidation resistant coatings and preparation process thereof

InactiveCN101693791AGood anti-oxidation effect at high temperatureRaw materials are easy to getCoatingsOxidation resistantSuspending Agents
The invention relates to a preparation process of continuous casting slab high-temperature oxidation resistant coatings, which is characterized in that less than 120 meshes of powder, reductant containing carbon, inorganic binders, surfactants, suspending agents and the like with the compositions such as 25-55 wt% SiO2, 10-20 wt% Al203, 11-23 wt% MgO and the like are respectively grinded and mixed evenly, then water is used to be mixed and stirred sufficiently evenly, and finally the density of the coatings are adjusted within 1200-1500 kg/m3. The coatings can not only be sprayed onto continuous casting slabs at normal temperature, but also be sprayed onto high-temperature casting slabs, form continuous whole protective coating layers under the action of high temperature, effectively reduce temperature drop of the casting slabs and oxidation burning loss in even heating process of a heating furnace without changing original performance of matrixes, and effectively decrease dilution of alloying elements on the surfaces of the casting slabs. After the casting slabs are out of the heating furnace, natural spalling capability of the coating layers is strong, and oxidation matrixes of the casting slabs are smooth. Raw materials of the oxidation resistant coatings are easy to be obtained, and the coatings have low cost and simple preparation process and are adaptable to oxidation resistance for various steels when being heated at 700-1300 DEG C/ 2-8 hours.

Preparation method of Ibrutinib

The invention discloses a preparation method of Ibrutinib (I). The preparation method comprises the following steps: performing condensation and methyl oxidization reaction on 4-phenoxyl benzoyl chloride (II) serving as a raw material and methylene cyanide and dimethyl sulfate to generate 4-phenoxyl phenyl (methoxyl) ethenylidene dicyan methane (III); performing pyrazol cyclization reaction between the intermediate (III) and 1-(3R-diazanyl-1-piperidyl)-2-propylene-1-ketone(IV) to obtain 1-[(3R)-[3-(4-phenoxyl phenyl)-4-nitrile-5-amino-1H-pyrazolyl]-1-piperidyl]-2-propylene-1-ketone(V). The pyrimidine cyclization reaction between the intermediate (V) and a cyclization agent is performed to prepare the Ibrutinib (I). The preparation method has easily-available raw materials, and is simple in process, economical and environment-friendly, and suitable for industrial production.

Microcapsule essence perfume for cigarettes as well as preparation method of microcapsule essence perfume

The invention discloses a microcapsule essence perfume for cigarettes as well as a preparation method of the microcapsule essence perfume. The microcapsule essence perfume contains the following raw materials in parts by weight: 1-3 parts of essence, 0.05-0.2 part of glycerinum or/and propylene glycol, 1-5 parts of wall materials and 0.01-0.03 part of emulsifier. The preparation method comprises the steps of: mixing essence, glycerinum or/and propylene glycol to obtain a mixture, evenly stirring the mixture, adding 95% ethanol with 1-10 times weight of the mixture, and mixing and evenly mixing to obtain a mixed solution; adding wall materials and emulsifier in the mixed solution and stirring for homogenization; and sealing, standing for 1-2 hours at normal temperature, refrigerating for 15-60 minutes at the temperature of minus 20 DEG C to minus 80 DEG C, drying for 8-24 hours at the vacuum degree of 30-80MPa and the temperature of 40-80 DEG C, grinding dried products, sieving the ground products to prepare microcapsule particles, thereby obtaining the microcapsule essence perfume for cigarettes. The perfume for cigarettes is made to microcapsules, so that perfume is free from being affected by external factors, and loss and fragrance distortion caused by volatile components in the perfume for cigarettes are effectively reduced.
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